Among the most significant laws of the 20th century, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 aims to end discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religion, age, gender, marital status, sexual orientation, and disability. It also expands the responsibilities of the federal government in matters of discrimination.
President Johnson’s strategy to pass the bill
During the 1960s, President Johnson had his hands full with a number of issues. One of them was racial unrest in the South. As a result, the president made a number of high-pressure negotiations to settle the issue. In the end, he succeeded. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law.
The law had several components, including the “power to sue” which gave individual black citizens in the South the power to desegregate their local school system. The law also included jury trials.
But the most important part was the “voting rights act” which gave the federal government the power to take over voter registration in counties that discriminated against citizens based on race. The law had the potential to register a quarter of a million African-American voters.
Kennedy’s speech on civil rights
During the presidential campaign of 1961, Senator Kennedy promised to fight for civil rights. He continued to do so when he became president. In a speech to the nation on June 11, 1963, he made a historic statement on the topic. He also announced that he would submit civil rights legislation to Congress.
In the speech, President Kennedy discussed the progress that the United States had made in the field of civil rights. He mentioned the struggle for equality and noted that the law had been changed to ensure that all citizens had equal rights. He stated that he hoped that all Americans would be committed to promoting equality. He explained that the United States did not have a free country until all its citizens were free.
Freedom Riders’ riots in the South
During the early 1960s, Freedom Riders traveled through the American South, challenging the racial segregation of interstate transportation facilities. They were part of a civil rights movement that tested the Supreme Court’s rulings on segregation on interstate travel. They also drew national attention to the issue.
The ride was organized by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a group committed to nonviolent action. They planned to register black people to vote and open community centers. These peaceful protests met violent resistance from a white mob.
In Birmingham, Alabama, a police commissioner unleashed dogs on peaceful protesters. The Freedom Riders’ campaign became more violent as they tried to use facilities that were only for whites. Then in South Carolina, a white mob attacked them. They were beaten and slashed. Some were pummelled with baseball bats as they escaped.
Expanded the Civil Rights Commission
Among the many civil rights milestones of the 1960s, the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is one of the most important. It strengthened civil rights protections by addressing racial discrimination in public accommodations, employment, and voting. It also made federal assistance for schools more equal. In addition, the Act created the Office of Education to assist with school desegregation.
The Act was an important step in the fight against racial segregation and the elimination of legal “Jim Crow.” It also provided new protections against racially motivated violence.
Among its many provisions, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. This body has the power to investigate charges of discrimination, develop agreements, implement policies, and transmit its annual report to the President.
Among its many powers, the Commission has the authority to require the production of documentary evidence. It also has the ability to elicit testimony from witnesses under oath.
The aforementioned may be accomplished by the Commission arranging special training institutes with higher education institutions. These institutes are designed to improve the skills needed to deal with special educational problems.
ED Title VI regulations provide a detailed discussion of discrimination prohibited by Title VI
ED Title VI regulations are found in Volume 34, Code of Federal Regulations. They provide a comprehensive discussion of discrimination prohibited by the civil rights act of 1964.
Title VI was enacted by Congress as a means of eliminating federal financial support for programs that had been racially segregated or discriminated against based on race. It is a complex piece of legislation that has elicited debate over its legal, legislative and regulatory implications.
While the most powerful tool in the arsenal of a federal agency is the power to withdraw funds, the primary enforcement mechanism is the regulation requiring recipients to act in a non-discriminatory manner. This may include prohibiting recipient practices that have the effect of discriminating against individuals based on race or national origin.
Signed by President Johnson
Despite opposition from several Republicans, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, signed by President Johnson on July 2, 1964, was a historic victory in overcoming racial discrimination. It prevented discrimination in federally aided programs, public accommodations, and employment. It also required the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to enforce the law against workplace segregation.
When the Civil Rights Act became a legislative priority for Lyndon Johnson during his first year in office, he began to develop relationships with a diverse group of senators. He used his charm and personal power to garner support for the legislation.