Hindu tradition has given significance to varied indicators and symbols, which is why it’s a wealthy expertise, past a single faith or perception. One such image is the assorted sized, formed, and coloured traces or dots the Hindus put on on their foreheads. This brow mark is called Tilak or tika.
The form and elegance of the Hindu brow mark depend upon the sects and faith to which the particular person belongs. Relying on customs, Tilak or tika is used each in each day life and for particular functions: non secular ceremonies or visits to the temple.
Tilak or Tika typically symbolizes the Third Eye, the attention of the internal thoughts, or the Ajna Chakra, certainly one of seven chakras within the Human physique. Whether or not beauty model or one with a non secular character, Tilak is a mark of identification. Each the priest, the ascetic, and the final individuals put on it with delight, symbolizing their Hindu origin.
Composition of Tilak
Tilak might be produced from sandalwood paste, charcoal, pink lead, vibhuti, and sacred ash reserved for Hindu rites and sects. Tilak can be composed of kumkum, produced from turmeric or saffron. Vermilion or Sindur is one other reddish-colored merchandise that’s used and is produced from turmeric, alum, or lime. Clay can be typically used.
Why Do Hindus Put on Tilak or Tilak?
Hindus put Tilak on the brow for varied causes and on varied events. With every trigger, the sort, shade, and form of tika fluctuate. Each Hindu women and men put on tika on their brow however for various causes and significance. Likewise, in historical instances, members of royal dignitaries used to put on tilaks signifying their victory over their enemies. We are going to clarify some basic causes behind sporting the tika within the Hindu faith.
1. To suggest the non secular which means
The area on the brow between the 2 eyebrows the place the Tilak is utilized is called the situation of the sixth chakra, “ajna,” “third eye,” and the seat of “hidden knowledge.” Based on the followers of Tantrism, the third eye is the exit level of the kundalini energy. The Tilak is positioned there to protect and enhance the focus of this power and shield in opposition to demons or unhealthy luck.
The third eye is an indication of enlightenment; it symbolizes the awakening of psychological pictures and the information of delicate, invisible issues. Due to this fact, the Tilak is utilized exactly to the “third eye” in order that an individual within the course of of formality practices makes use of his third eye for its “objective.”
2. Girls put on Bindi to represent their standing
In contrast to males, ladies put on Tilak on their brow within the type of a circle known as bindi within the Indian language and Tika in Nepali. Bindi is historically painted with sindoor or kumkum powder, however now they arrive in numerous sizes and colours, with sparkles and stones.
The phrase “bindi” comes from the Sanskrit “Bindu,” which interprets as a dot. Often, the dot has a pink shade, which symbolizes love, honor, and prosperity in Hinduism. In one of many oldest texts, the Rigveda, Bindu is described because the place of creation and manifestation of cosmic unity.
Married ladies often put on pink bindi indicating love, prosperity, honor, the longevity of their husband’s life, and safety from the evil eye. Some put on a turmeric bindi (yellow), which has a twin which means; it could point out that the girl is a widow or present that the household is mourning.
Right now, the bindi has turn into a part of make-up, it doesn’t must be pink, and the colour might be matched to the tone of the apparel.
3. For the security of kids
A black Tilak product of kajal is utilized on the brow of kids and infants to guard them from the evil eye or damaging energies.
4. To mark varied ceremonies
From historical instances, Tilak symbolized completely different meanings and events. Tilak is talked about in lots of historical legends: for instance, this signal might turn into fiery amongst heroes or, quite the opposite, be erased from the brow as an indicator of final despair and disappointment.
Additionally, some tilaks might be utilized on particular events, reminiscent of profitable a conflict, receiving necessary friends, or coronation. So, the so-called raja-tilak is used within the final two instances, which is a pink vertical line on the brow.
Right now, the signal isn’t essentially related to a spiritual custom; it could have an aesthetic or social operate. Throughout wedding ceremony ceremonies, Tilak is historically utilized to the foreheads of the spouses and relations. It may be used as an indication of greeting friends; with its assist, they present the hosts’ favor.
5. Identification of faith
Hindu dharma is a set of a number of philosophies, non secular sects, gods, and goddesses. Using Tilak might be various; the followers of a specific sect have their identification marks, which differ each in locations of utility and in shade.
Worshipers of Lord Shiva and Shakti
Followers of Shaivism (Lord Shiva) apply Tilak within the type of three horizontal traces. This tilak known as tripundra. Tripundra is a logo of the construction of the world and the essence of the God Shiva.
Followers of Shaktism (Goddess Parvati) apply Tilak within the type of a dot or a pink vertical line. They apply a pink dot or vertical line produced from kumkum or pink turmeric powder in the midst of the brow or rather than the third eye. It symbolizes the power of Shakti.
Worshipers of Lord Vishnu
Vaishnavism followers draw Tilak within the type of the letter U or V. The identify of such a tilak is “Urdhva-pundra,” two parallel traces connecting on the backside symbolize the foot of God Vishnu.
Vaishnavas use clay from the holy rivers like Yamuna, Ganga, and Kali Gandaki or holy locations of pilgrimage like town of Vrindavan, Muktinath, and Pashupatinath of Nepal, for making use of Tilak. If two traces be a part of within the center and a tulsi or holy basil leaf is depicted on the nostril, that is the custom of Gaudiya Vaishnavas.
Worshipers of Lord Krishna
Followers of Lord Krishna or Madhva sampradaya make Tilak with two vertical traces representing Krishna’s toes and a black line from coal of yajna Kunda (Fireplace sacrifice) between them. A yellow or red-colored dot is commonly positioned underneath the black line symbolizing the Goddess Lakshmi or Radha.
Vertical Strains of Tilak
The vertical traces of Tilak in Vaishnavism and Shaivism are related to completely different trinity symbols. The three vertical traces symbolize,
- The three supreme gods – Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.
- The three sacred Vedic texts – Rigveda, Yajurveda, and Samaveda;
- Three sounds of the sacred word and the symbol OM – a, u, m;
- Three states of consciousness – wakefulness, sleep, and deep sleep;
- Three varieties of actuality – Maya (phantasm or attachment), Brahman (Supreme existence), and Atman (Self-existence).
Nimbarka Sampradaya – Followers of the Nimbarka Sampradaya apply Tilak product of a particular yellow gopi-Chandana clay within the type of two parallel traces and a black dot within the center. The traces point out the temple of God.
Pushtimarga Sampradaya – Followers of the Pushtimarga custom put on the tika as a single vertical pink line, symbolizing Yamuna Devi.
Making use of tika on the brow is often the observe adopted by Hindu followers in India, Nepal, and a number of other different international locations. However the custom is slowly disappearing and being changed by modernity. Right now sporting tika in numerous varieties might have turn into a part of make-up equipment, but it surely has its non secular significance, which we must always pay attention to.
Folks, particularly new era youth, have forgotten the true which means of sporting a Tilak, and lots of don’t even know why they put a tika or Tilak on their brow. Tika at present has simply turn into a part of the exercise after puja (worship within the temple), whereas it ought to be part of our each day lives.
(Final Up to date On: June 24, 2022)