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Components Of An Atom | Properties of Matter | Chemistry | FuseSchool

Study in regards to the components of an atom, their mass, and their cost, on this video from the Properties of Matter chapter FuseSchool Chemistry.

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we already know that atoms are actually

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small however we will get smaller if we zoom

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into an atom we discover that’s made up of

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protons, neutrons and electrons and so much

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of empty house. Think about an Olympic

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swimming pool: 50 metres huge, that is our

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atom. On the centre of our atom is the

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nucleus, the nucleus is made up of

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protons and neutrons but when we jumped

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into the pool to search out the nucleus it

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could be just about unattainable as a result of

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it’s a dimension of a grain of sand. Round

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the nucleus you discover that electrons are

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randomly whizzing round, the electrons

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are even smaller than protons and

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neutrons. so, say we solely have two

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electrons in our atom these could be

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randomly shifting round our grain of sand

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in our 50 meter pool simply these two tiny,

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tiny electrons. so, what does that go away? a

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lot of empty house! Now, if we take into consideration

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the minuscule scale that we’re speaking

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in regards to the constituents of an atom should

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have a minuscule scale to match if we

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had been to weigh protons we would want 600

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sextillion to only weigh one gram so one

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proton would have a really very small mass

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and the identical is true for neutrons and

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electrons because of this we weigh them in

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relation to one another. We assign the

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mass of a proton as one, the neutron has

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the same mass to protons and can be

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given the mass of 1. The electron

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nevertheless, is way lighter and has a mass

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of 1 over 1840. If we take into consideration how

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heavy the mass of the protons and

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neutrons are in relation to the

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electrons is obvious to see that the mass

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of an atom is concentrated on the

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nucleus. Protons, neutrons and electrons

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even have a cost related to them!

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Protons are optimistic. Neutrons are

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impartial and electrons are destructive. The

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cost of an atom is at all times impartial this

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means there should be the identical quantity of

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protons as there are electrons. In an

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atom the variety of neutrons can differ and

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they don’t have an effect on the cost of your entire atom.

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