The Araucana hen is a enjoyable and attention-grabbing hen breed with a very good temperament and delightful blue eggs. Nevertheless, these chickens include some severe well being dangers, which makes them comparatively unpopular for being such general beautiful chickens. For those who’re eager about average egg-layers that create distinctive eggs, then the Araucana could also be a very good hen for you, however preserve studying to study extra about necessary concerns to take with this breed.
Fast Information About Araucana Chickens
|Place of Origin:||Chile|
|Makes use of:||Egg-laying, pets|
|Rooster (Male) Measurement:||1.6–1.9 kilos (bantam), 5.9–7 kilos (massive)|
|Hen (Feminine) Measurement:||1.5–1.7 kilos (bantam), 4.4–5.9 kilos (massive)|
|Colour:||Black, black-breasted crimson, golden duckwing, silver duckwing, white|
|Local weather Tolerance:||Average warmth, cold-hardy|
Araucana Rooster Origins
The Araucana originated within the South American nation of Chile. They’re believed to have originated in an space referred to as the Gulf of Arauco, which gave the breed its title. It’s unclear if the breed got here to be from birds that have been native to South America or in the event that they’re descendants of chickens delivered to South America by Europeans in the course of the time of Columbus. It wasn’t till the Nineteen Thirties that the breed started to make huge strides exterior of South America, although. They have been used to create a extra standard and health-stable breed, the Ameraucana.
Araucana Rooster Traits
This breed has a number of distinguishing traits, one among which is ear tufts. Though the breed normal requires the tufts to be current on either side of the pinnacle and to match in form and dimension, they will are available a wide range of sizes and shapes. Some Araucanas solely have a single ear tuft. These ear tufts are related to a deadly gene that leads to the dying of embryos and younger chicks who inherit the gene from each of their mother and father.
The Araucana lacks a tailbone, which frequently leads to it being known as a rumpless hen breed. Sadly, this lack of a tailbone leads to reproductive difficulties in these birds, with some birds utterly unable to naturally reproduce. The tailbone is necessary for chickens as a result of it permits them to maneuver their tail feathers out of the way in which for breeding functions, however birds with out this bone lack this capability partially or solely.
Maybe essentially the most distinctive attribute of this breed is their blue eggs. Consider a barely duller robin’s egg. Their cousin, the Ameraucana, additionally lays blue eggs, however they’ve a tailbone and lack ear tufts.
Makes use of
Araucana chickens are primarily stored for his or her egg production, particularly since their eggs are eye-catching and attention-grabbing. They have an inclination to solely lay in the course of the hotter months of the yr, although, so most Araucana hens solely lay 150–250 eggs per yr. The big model of this breed is also used for meat, however it’s not ultimate since they aren’t bred for this objective.
Many individuals who preserve Araucana chickens preserve them merely as pets. They’re extraordinarily people-oriented birds that appear to genuinely get pleasure from human interplay, usually looking for out individuals they’re accustomed to for consideration. They’re additionally a very good choice for pest management when allowed to free roam.
Look & Varieties
There are solely 5 colours which can be accepted as a part of the Araucana breed normal with the American Poultry Affiliation for big Araucanas, whereas bantam Araucanas have six colours.
For giant Araucana chickens, they are often stable black or white, and for bantam Araucana chickens, they may also be stable buff. Black-breasted crimson is extra in step with the normal thought of what a rooster appears like, though hens may also be this colour.
Golden and silver duckwing birds have black on the pinnacle and rump, however the again, wings, and a part of the breast are gold or silver. For different poultry associations, there are a selection of different acceptable colours, together with lavender, blue, blue-red, spangled, and cuckoo.
Though uncommon within the US, the Araucana hen will not be thought of to be an at-risk breed. They are often extraordinarily tough to search out within the US, despite the fact that they’re cold-hardy and tolerant of average warmth. They’re not a very standard breed because of the well being issues related to breeding them. It’s for these causes that the Ameraucana is extra standard within the US.
Are Araucana Chickens Good for Small-Scale Farming?
The Araucana generally is a nice breed for anybody with a number of house and a want for chickens which can be eager about being round individuals. They do require particular care in the case of breeding, so it’s essential to be ready to be accountable for these chickens when you intend to breed them and to analysis breed them responsibly. Their blue eggs would make a enjoyable addition to your native Saturday morning farmer’s market, although!
Featured Picture Credit score: Vampyre Zen, Shutterstock